New statistics suggest that there were 22,511 cash buyers in 2014 which is an increase of 38% from the 16,346 cash buyers in 2013.
The number of cash buyers is determined by comparing new mortgages figures, according to the Banking and Payments Federation of Ireland, to the total amount of home sales, according to the Property Price Register.
The number of new mortgages increased by 49.6 % from 13,472 in 2013 to 20,155 new mortgages in 2014(excluding re-mortgages and top-ups which do not reflect home buying activity).
Meanwhile, home sales for 2014 rose to 42,666 which is an increase of 43.1% from the 29,818 home sales registered for 2013.
These statistics mean that, while the number of cash buyers increased in 2014, they represented 52.8% of total home sales which is a marginal decrease from the 54.8% cash buyer rate for 2013. This highlights that the level of mortgage lending did not increase at the expected rate for July to Dec 2014 and that there were more cash buyers than expected. Also the announcement by the Central Bank in October that mortgage limits would be restricted in 2015, did not result in a surge in mortgage applications in a similar way to Q4 2012 when there was a significant increase due to mortgage interest relief being scrapped from 2013 onwards.
Nevertheless, the cash buyer rate is still significant and it is still higher than the cash buyer rates of 39% and 44% for the years 2011 and 2012 respectively.
The issue of cash buyers still dominating around half of the market is a symptom of a depressed mortgage market – 20,155 new mortgages in 2014 is a fraction of the 110,790 home buyer mortgages given out in 2006. It will be clearer in 6 months time whether cash buyers will be less dominant than they were in 2011.
On a quarterly basis, the cash buyer rates for Q1 2014 was 54.0% while the rates for Q2 and Q3 were 52.2% and 49.3% respectively. The cash buyer rate for Q4 2014 was 55.2%, the highest rate since Q4 2013 (55.4%).
The cash buyer rate for all of 2010 was 12%, however it is not known what the cash buyer rate was before that in the boom years as the number of home sales before 2010 are not available.
New mortgage statistics have been available since 2005 and the peak year of 2006 reveals that out of the grand total 203,953 new mortgages, 37,064 were for First Time Buyers (18.2%), 45,585 were for Mover Purchases (22.4%), 28,141 were Buy-to-Let mortgages (13.8%), 26,565 Re-Mortgages (13.0%) and 66,598 Top-Ups (32.7%).
The 2014 mortgage market paints a completely different picture with a grand total of only 22,119 new mortgages, of which 11,476 (51.9%) were for First Time Buyers, 7,649 were for Mover Purchases (34.6%), 1,030 were Buy-to-Let mortgages (4.7%), 503 Re-Mortgages (2.3%) and 1,461 Top-Ups (6.6%).
The cash buyer rate of nearly 53% for 2014 may come as a surprise to many people who have been led to believe that cash buyers constituted only around one third of the market in 2014. One body who is responsible for misleading the public is the Society of Chartered Surveyors Ireland (SCSI) who published a housing market report for Q2 2014 which said that cash buyers were significantly less dominant, with ‘cash purchases accounting for about 35% of the transactions in Q2.’ Clearly the real cash buyer rate for Q2 2014 was over 50% and the reason for this discrepancy is that the report notes that their 35% rate is obtained from data ‘based on 336 properties given by 46 individuals.’ (These 336 properties only represent 3.7% of all home sales in that quarter). While the report states that the report is ‘new and due caution must be exercised when interpreting the results given the low response rates for some questions particularly until the dataset is further developed over the coming quarter.’, the damage was already done as this report was then quoted by the mainstream press without mentioning the low sample number used for the findings.
What makes things worse is that you then have chief economist, Alan McQuaid from Merrion Capital, quoted in the Irish Times on 29th January 2015 as saying: ‘Although cash sales are not as high now compared with the start of 2014, they are still significant, accounting for roughly one in three of every transaction.’
Suggesting that cash buyers are dominating less of the market than in reality implies that there is a mortgage market significantly improving, when the best statistics available are suggesting otherwise.